People protesting hate crimes against Asian people in San Francisco in March 2021. Photo by Leon Kunstenar/Pro Bono Photo

California Approves $156 Million Fund to Combat Asian Racism

Asian Americans cheered the July 12 passage of California’s API (Asian Pacific Islander) Equity Budget, a three-year $156 million initiative that seeks to equip the AAPI (Asian American Pacific Islanders) community with resources to combat hate crimes.

“This is historic and unprecedented. It is the outcome of many community-based organizations who rallied to get this support to find the best ways we can respond to violence against our community, and to prevent these attacks from occuring in the first place,” said Cynthia Choi, co-executive director of Chinese for Affirmative Action (CAA).

“The AAPI community has historically been overlooked and underfunded. Imagine what we can do with resources,” she said, adding that the investment in the community must be ongoing, beyond the initial three-year commitment.

The API Equity Budget allocates $110 million to the California Department of Social Services, which will work with the Commission on Asian and Pacific Islander American Affairs to distribute funds directly to community-based organizations that provide services to help victims of hate crimes and help hate crime prevention services.

It allocates $10 million to the AAPI Data Project—housed at UC Riverside and helmed by Karthick Ramakrishnan—to improve data equity by conducting policy research and demographic data for the API community. The fund also allocates $10 million to an anti-bias block grant that provides funding to schools to create restorative justice programs, and safe spaces for students and staff to share their experiences with racialized hate and macroaggressions. Another $5 million will fund a peer social network for APIs to connect with and support each other through the use of social media.

The CAA led an effort to mobilize 150 community-based organizations that rallied the state legislature to get the budget measure passed. “Lawmakers have to move beyond platitudes,” said Choi.

The organizations worked with the Asian Pacific Islander Legislative Caucus of the state legislature to get the budget allocation in the $262 billion 2021–2022 budget. Governor Gavin Newsom signed the budget on July 12.

Over the past 15 months, the AAPI community across the United States has been beset by an unprecedented wave of hate crime, which many community advocates blame on former President Donald Trump, who targeted China for allegedly infecting the world with Covid. Trump repeatedly called coronavirus the “Chinese flu,” “Kung flu” and other racial epithets.

California Governor Gavin Newson holds a copy of the state’s 2021–2022 budget, which he signed July 12. Photo courtesy of Governor Gavin Newsom’s office.

The online Web portal Stop AAPI Hate, which allows the AAPI community to self-report incidents of hate-based violence, speech or verbal harassment, had logged 6,603 reports as of May. More than 12% of the incidents—which can be reported in one of several Asian languages—involved violence. Stop AAPI Hate will receive $10 million to continue its work.

Ramakrishnan, who also chairs the California Commission on Asian and Pacific Islander American Affairs—which played a key role in getting the API Equity Budget passed—said there had been a community upswell throughout the past year for means to respond to the increased violence against the community.

The movement escalated after the spa shootings on March 16; 21-year-old Robert Aaron Long went to three massage parlors in the Atlanta, Ga., area and killed eight people, including six Asian American women. Long told police that his actions were motivated by sexual temptation. AAPI organizations have called for the murders to be investigated as hate crimes.

Ramakrishnan said that, after the shootings, he spoke with California State Senator Richard Pan (D–Sacramento), who chairs the Asian Pacific Islander Legislative Caucus. Pan agreed to work on getting the budget allocation passed.

In a statement released after the passage of the budget, Pan said, “This sends a message to the API community that the State of California sees them and that we matter. It gives us hope that California will be supporting our survivors and communities as our state recovers from Covid-19.”

Assembly Member Phil Ting (D–San Francisco), who chairs the Assembly Budget Committee, said in a statement: “For decades, API communities have been longing to be seen and heard. The pandemic amplified the need to do more amid rising hate against Asian Americans.”

The budget also allocates $10 million to ethnic media to improve outreach to API and other underserved California communities about grants and helpful services. Chinese for Affirmative Action notes that the money will be channelled through state agencies working with ethnic media outlets that have audiences of monolingual and underserved communities.

“This is an important opportunity to think about the future of ethnic media in California. Media serving communities of color are important in making sure that the stories of our communities are seen by the eyes of decision makers.”

Ramakrishnan characterized the investment in media as an important first step. “It opens up the conversation about what community-supported media can look like while still maintaining independence.” He noted that this has been done on the federal level, with the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, which supports PBS and NPR. Several states have also created some version of a public broadcasting network.

Regina Wilson, executive director of California Black Media, lauded the grant to the ethnic press. “This is an exciting day: The state budget has recognized the importance of ethnic media and its important role in informing communities who really yearn to plead their own cause.”

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